Today I decided to give my Raspberry Pi something to do. Now it is a samba fileserver for my Macbook Backup. It was not quite easy to setup Time Machine on my Macbook to use a samba share as backup-device, but at least it works.
Samba on Raspberry
On my Raspberry Pi I use Raspberrian as OS.
install required packages
To setup a samba server, I had to install the required packages first:
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install samba samba-common-bin samba-tools
The configuration of samba is located at
First, I moved the example configuration away:
$ sudo mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.orig
Now I started to create a new one
sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf and inserted
the following stuff:
[global] workgroup = HOME netbios name = RASPBERRYPI server string = RASPBERRYPI.HOME.LAN security = user passdb backend = tdbsam encrypt passwords = yes [backup] path = /media/backup valid users = max read list = max write list = max read only = No create mask = 0664 directory mask = 0775
[global] section I configure generall settings.
workgroup configures the
working group and
netbios name is the name of the computer (here Raspberry)
which should appear later in network. A short description can be done with
security = user I set the security level of Samba to
user. This is the default since Samba 2.0. In the user-level, every user had
to authenticate himself before he can use the samba drive.
passdb backend configures the Userdatabase backend of Samba.
tdbsam is the
newest format for this.
encrypt passwords should be set to
yes to encrypt passwords
between clients and the server.
To check the syntax of
/etc/samba/smb.conf we can use the program
testparm. This should be done after every manual change in the config file
to avoid syntax errors.
$ sudo testparm -s
After the syntax-check, I checked if all folders I configured in
$ sudo mkdir -p /media/backup $ sudo chown max. /media/backup
configure user accounts
All users configured in
/etc/samba/smb.conf need a existing user-account on
the raspberry pi. Therefore I added the new users to group users and baned them
to login via ssh.
$ sudo useradd -m -s /sbin/nologin -g users max
After that we need to add the user to the user database of samba and set a password to enable samba-login later:
$ sudo smbpasswd -a max
At least we have to restart our samba daemon:
$ sudo service samba restart [ ok ] Stopping Samba daemons: nmbd smbd. [ ok ] Starting Samba daemons: nmbd smbd.
use external storage
I just have a 4 GB SD-Card on my Raspberry. This is a little bit less space for a samba server. So, I use a external usb harddisk with external power supply to extend my samba storage.
I had a external harddisk of my macbook, formated with hfsplus. Debian or Raspbian is able to read hfsplus after some configuration.
I installed following packages:
$ sudo apt-get install hfsplus hfsutils hfsprogs
It is quite annoying if you have to mount the external storage by hand after
every reboot. To prevent this, I just added it to
/dev/sda1 /media/backup hfsplus rw,auto,nouser,exec 0 0
To reload the
/etc/fstab you can just type
$ mount -a